- Before You Start
- Getting the Code
- Updating the Code
- Working with Release Branches
- Contributing Patches
- Committing Code
- Example Applications
Before You Start
First, be sure to install the prerequisite software.
Getting the Code
For desktop development:
Create a working directory, enter it, and run
mkdir webrtc-checkout cd webrtc-checkout fetch --nohooks webrtc gclient sync
NOTICE: During your first sync, you’ll have to accept the license agreement of the Google Play Services SDK.
The checkout size is large due the use of the Chromium build toolchain and many dependencies. Estimated size:
- Linux: 6.4 GB.
- Linux (with Android): 16 GB (of which ~8 GB is Android SDK+NDK images).
- Mac (with iOS support): 5.6GB
Optionally you can specify how new branches should be tracked:
git config branch.autosetupmerge always git config branch.autosetuprebase always
Alternatively, you can create new local branches like this (recommended):
cd src git checkout master git new-branch your-branch-name
Updating the Code
Update your current branch with:
NOTICE: if you’re not on a branch,
git pull won’t work, and you’ll need
git fetch instead.
Periodically, the build toolchain and dependencies of WebRTC are updated. To get such updates you must run:
Ninja is the default build system for all platforms.
Generating Ninja project files
To generate project files using the defaults (Debug build), run (standing in the src/ directory of your checkout):
gn gen out/Default
To generate ninja project files for a Release build instead:
gn gen out/Default --args='is_debug=false'
To clean all build artifacts in a directory but leave the current GN configuration untouched (stored in the args.gn file), do:
gn clean out/Default
When you have Ninja project files generated (see previous section), compile
For Ninja project files generated in
ninja -C out/Default
Using Another Build System
Other build systems are not supported (and may fail), such as Visual Studio on Windows or Xcode on OSX. GN supports a hybrid approach of using Ninja for building, but Visual Studio/Xcode for editing and driving compilation.
Working with Release Branches
To see available release branches, run:
git branch -r
NOTICE: If you only see your local branches, you have a checkout created before our switch to Git (March 24, 2015). In that case, first run:
cd /path/to/webrtc/src gclient sync --with_branch_heads git fetch origin
You should now have an entry like this under [remote “origin”] in
fetch = +refs/branch-heads/*:refs/remotes/branch-heads/*
To create a local branch tracking a remote release branch (in this example, the 43 branch):
git checkout -b my_branch refs/remotes/branch-heads/43 gclient sync
Commit log for the branch: https://webrtc.googlesource.com/src/+log/branch-heads/43
To browse it: https://webrtc.googlesource.com/src/+/branch-heads/43
Please see Contributing Fixes for information on how to get your changes included in the WebRTC codebase. You’ll also need to setup authentication for committing, below.
To commit code directly to the Git repo, you have to be a committer. CLs created by external contributors can be committed via the Commit Queue (CQ).
The source of truth is the Git repository at https://webrtc.googlesource.com/src. To be able to push commits to it, you need to perform the steps below (assuming you’re a committer).
If you already have a
.gitcookies file (most Chromium committers
already do), you can skip steps 1 and 2.
Go to https://chromium.googlesource.com/new-password and login with your webrtc.org account.
Follow the instructions on how to store the credentials in the
.gitcookiesfile in your home directory.
Go to https://chromium-review.googlesource.com and login with your webrtc.org account. This will create the user in the Gerrit permission system so it can be added to the right committers group.
Ask to be added to the committers group to get push access.
Make sure you have set the
user.emailGit config settings as specified at the depot tools setup page. If you’re also a Chromium committer, read the next section.
Commit a change list to the Git repo using:
git cl land
NOTICE: On Windows, you’ll need to run this in a Git bash shell in order
for gclient to find the
Sometimes it’s necessary to bypass the presubmit checks (like when fixing an
error that has closed the tree). Then use the
Many WebRTC committers are also Chromium committers. To make sure to use the
right account for pushing commits to WebRTC, use the
user.email Git config
setting. The recommended way is to have the chromium.org account set globally
as described at the depot tools setup page and then set
locally for the WebRTC repos using (change to your webrtc.org address):
cd /path/to/webrtc/src git config user.email email@example.com
WebRTC contains several example applications, which can be found under
src/talk/examples. Higher level applications are
Peerconnection consist of two applications using the WebRTC Native APIs:
A server application, with target name
A client application, with target name
peerconnection_client(not currently supported on Mac/Android)
The client application has simple voice and video capabilities. The server enables client applications to initiate a call between clients by managing signaling messages generated by the clients.
Setting up P2P calls between peerconnection_clients
peerconnection_server. You should see the following message indicating
that it is running:
Server listening on port 8888
Start any number of
peerconnection_clients and connect them to the server.
The client UI consists of a few parts:
Connecting to a server: When the application is started you must specify which machine (by IP address) the server application is running on. Once that is done you can press Connect or the return button.
Select a peer: Once successfully connected to a server, you can connect to a peer by double-clicking or select+press return on a peer’s name.
Video chat: When a peer has been successfully connected to, a video chat will be displayed in full window.
Ending chat session: Press Esc. You will now be back to selecting a peer.
Ending connection: Press Esc and you will now be able to select which server to connect to.
Start an instance of
src/webrtc/examples/peerconnection/server/server_test.html in your
browser. Click Connect. Observe that the
your connection. Open one more tab using the same page. Connect it too (with a
different name). It is now possible to exchange messages between the connected
call (currently disabled). An application that establishes a
call using libjingle. Call uses xmpp (as opposed to SDP used by WebRTC) to
allow you to login using your gmail account and make audio/video calls with
your gmail friends. It is built on top of libjingle to provide this
Further, you can specify input and output RTP dump for voice and video. It
provides two samples of input RTP dump:
voice.rtpdump which contains a
stream of single channel, 16Khz voice encoded with G722, and
which contains a 320x240 video encoded with H264 AVC at 30 frames per second.
The provided samples will interoperate with Google Talk Video. If you use
other input RTP dump, you may need to change the codecs in
relayserver. Relays traffic when a direct peer-to-peer
connection can’t be established. Can be used with the call application above.
stunserver. Implements the STUN protocol for Session Traversal
Utilities for NAT as documented in RFC 5389.
turnserver. In active development to reach compatibility with