Getting started with remote streams

Once a RTCPeerConnection is connected to a remote peer, it is possible to stream audio and video between them. This is the point where we connect the stream we receive from getUserMedia() to the RTCPeerConnection. A media stream consists of at least one media track, and these are individually added to the RTCPeerConnection when we want to transmit the media to the remote peer.

const localStream = await getUserMedia({vide: true, audio: true});
const peerConnection = new RTCPeerConnection(iceConfig);
localStream.getTracks().forEach(track => {
    peerConnection.addTrack(track, localStream);
});

Tracks can be added to a RTCPeerConnection before it has connected to a remote peer, so it makes sense to perform this setup as early as possible instead of waiting for the connection to be completed.

Adding remote tracks

To receive the remote tracks that were added by the other peer, we register a listener on the local RTCPeerConnection listening for the track event. Since playback is done on a MediaStream object, we first create an empty instance that we then populate with the tracks from the remote peer as we receive them.

const remoteStream = MediaStream();
const remoteVideo = document.querySelector('#remoteVideo');
remoteVideo.srcObject = remoteStream;

peerConenction.addEventListener('track', async (event) => {
    remoteStream.addTrack(event.track, remoteStream);
});